AVEMPACE° (Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn Bajja, called Ibn al-Şāʾigh; d. 1138), Muslim philosopher, born in Saragossa; lived in Seville, Granada, and Fez where he died supposedly as the result of an accusation of heresy. He was a celebrated philosopher, mathematician, musician, poet, and served as vizier. His influence on Spanish philosophical studies was profound and continued the tradition of al-Fārābī. Through the writings of averroes , he influenced the whole later Jewish philosophical school, writing in Hebrew, in Spain, Southern France, and Italy until the 16th century. His Governance of the Solitary was summarized by moses b. joshua of narbonne and, until the publication of the original Arabic text in 1946, the Hebrew summary was the only source for the knowledge of Avempace's political thought. He describes the way of life the philosopher ought to follow in the existing corrupt communities in order to achieve union with the Active intellect . Perhaps under the impact of the chaotic conditions then existing in Spain and North Africa, he seems to counsel the sage to withdraw from society rather than to attempt to influence it toward a more philosophic course. In this he influenced Maimonides in his Guide of the Perplexed which at times also seems to suggest that the solitary way is the best. His Epistle of Farewell, translated into Hebrew in the first half of the 14th century by Ḥayyim ibn Vivas, may be considered a summary of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. It contains his doctrine of the immortality of the intellect which can be achieved only through philosophic study, not through mystical exercises. He later developed this theme at greater length in his Epistles of Conjunction. Excerpts from these works were translated by shem tov ibn falaquera in his philosophical source book to maimonides ' Guide of the Perplexed entitled Moreh ha-Moreh. In general, Avempace influenced the Jewish world through Maimonides and Averroes in the field of political theory and the doctrine of the immortality of the intellect. In addition he was also known for his views on physics and astronomy (Maimonides, Guide, 2:9, 24; 3:29). Ḥasdai Crescas frequently refers to him in connection with the interpretation of certain passages of Aristotle's Physics. Crescas' knowledge derives from quotations of Avempace's views by Averroes. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Lerner and M. Mahdi, Medieval Political Philosophy (1963), 122–33; Aṣín Palacios, in: Al-Andalus, 7 (1942), 1–47; 8 (1943), 1–87; Schreiner, in: Mi-Mizraḥ u-mi-Ma'arav, 1 (1895), 96–106; 4 (1899), 26–39; Shem Tov Ibn Falaquera, Moreh ha-Moreh (1837), 135–8 and passim; Maimonides, Guide, ciii–cviii (introd.); H.A. Wolfson, Crescas' Critique of Aristotle (1929), index. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: EIS2, 3 (1971), S.V. Badjdja (includes bibliography). (Lawrence V. Berman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Avempace — • Arabian philosopher, physician, astronomer, mathematician, and poet, b. at Saragossa towards the end of the eleventh century; d. at Fez, 1138 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Avempace     Avempace …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Avempace — Avempace, Ibn Baja (ابن باجة en arabe) ou Abu Bakr Mohammed ben Yahya ben as Sayegh (أبو بكر محمد بن يحيى بن الصايغ), philosophe, médecin, astronome, géomètre, musicien et poète andalou, né à Saragosse vers 1085, et mort empoisonné à Fès vers… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Avempace — (eigentl. Ibn Badscha), der früheste Philosoph unter den spanischen Arabern, geb. in Saragossa gegen das Ende des 11. Jahrh., lebte zu Granada, dann als Arzt in Marokko am Hofe der Almoraviden, starb 1138 in hohem Alter in Fes. Als Philosoph hat… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Avempace —   [ paːtse], arabischer Philosoph, Mathematiker und Arzt, Ibn Badjdja …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Avempace — ▪ Spanish Muslim philosopher also called  Ibn Bājjah , in full  Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Yaḥyā ibn as Sāyigh at Tujībī al Andalusī as Saraqustī  born c. 1095, , Zaragoza, Spain died 1138/39, Fès, Mor.       earliest known representative in Spain of… …   Universalium

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  • Avempace — nome it. di Ibn Bagiah …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Ibn Bagiah — Avempace …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Αβεμπάτσε — (Avempace, 11ος αι.).Ισπανοάραβας φιλόσοφος, επιστήμονας και ποιητής. Αν και έφτασε σε διάφορα υψηλά αξιώματα, τελικά έπεσε σε δυσμένεια για τις φιλελεύθερες ιδέες του. Αργότερα τον προσέλαβαν ως γιατρό στα ανάκτορα του Φεζ, όπου κάποιος… …   Dictionary of Greek

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